Joanna Baillie was close with famous poet, Sir George Lord Byron, and his wife, Lady Byron.
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Google Doodle honours ‘female Shakespeare’, Joanna Baillie


Joanna Baillie, 1762-1851. Photo: The Hunterian MuseumSupply:Provided

GOOGLE has right now paid out homage to a prolific Scottish poet and playwright, Joanna Baillie, who would have turned 256 a long time aged right now.

Baillie’s will work arrived at the start off of the English Intimate time period in literature and is ideal regarded for parts these kinds of as Fugitive Verses and Performs on the Passions.

In honour of Baillie’s birthday, we have compiled a record of issues you may perhaps not know about her.


Joanna was born the youngest of 3 young children to Deborah Hunter and Presbyterian reverend James Baillie, in Bothwell, rural Scotland. She experienced a twin sister who died soon immediately after beginning. The rich Baillies thought they have been descendants of the Scottish war hero, William Wallace.


A 10-yr-aged Baillie was despatched to a boarding university in Glasgow, admitting “I could not go through …until the age of nine”. Her sister disputer that she experienced in actuality been illiterate till she was 11-a long time-aged.

Baillie cherished schoolwork and thrived in topics these kinds of as artwork, drama, arithmetic and tunes, but producing and undertaking in her very own performs was by much her most treasured pastime at university.

Foray into poetry

The Baillie family members moved to London in 1784 and Joanna was inspired by her aunt, Anne Hunter, to try out poetry. She examined a sequence of French authors like Volatire as nicely as playwrights like Shakespeare. 7 a long time afterwards, Joanna experienced published her most famed piece, Performs on the Passions, which was praised by critics and hailed a new period of English Romanticism in literature.

Get the job done

Baillie’s wildly well known do the job was generally when compared to Shakespeare. Her to start with poem at any time revealed was Winter season Working day in 1790 and in depth her enjoy of Scotland. Her to start with assortment of poetry was revealed in the identical yr, entitled Poems: Whereby it is Tried to Explained Sure Sights of Mother nature an of Rustrice Manners. Baillie donated 50 % of her income to a range of charities.

Adore everyday living

Baillie lived with her sister Agnes immediately after their mom and dad died. For the duration of this time, she wrote music, a person of which was devoted to her sister Agnes and entitled Traces to Agnes Baillie. Neither female married but have been regarded to have experienced interactions with nicely regarded individuals in London’s arts and science communities.

Joanna Baillie was close with famous poet, Sir George Lord Byron, and his wife, Lady Byron.

Joanna Baillie was near with famed poet, Sir George Lord Byron, and his spouse, Girl Byron.Supply:Information Corp Australia

Well-known good friends

Baillie was nicely related at the top of her occupation in London. She was in frequent speak to with planet famed novelist Sir Walter Scott, writer of famed textbooks The Girl of The Lakeor and Ivanhoe. The pair would consistently ship each individual other letters, chatting about their households.

She also turned fairly near with British nobelman and poet Lord Byron and his spouse Anne Isabella Noel Byron, or Girl Byron.


Baillie remained in moderately superior well being till she died just right before her 90th birthday in February 1851. Baillie and her sister Agnes are the two buried beside their mom in Hampstead.

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